Aircraft Piloting

The standard period of study is four years. The training course of aeroplane piloting is based on the programme developed pursuant to the Joint Aviation Requirements – Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL 1). During the first two years the main focus is on basic aviation studies and the last two years are devoted to acquiring the theoretical knowledge of piloting followed by flying training. 

In flying training the aircraft used are the one-engine Cessna-172 and the multi-engine Piper Navajo. Part of the flying training takes place on the computer based simulator - FNPT II/MCC (flight and navigation procedures and multi-crew cooperation trainer). At the initial stage of flying practice the students learn the basic phases of a flight (take-off, level flight, turns, landing, etc), acquire the skills in en-route flying in visual flight conditions and get acquainted with the principles of instrument flight. The theoretical and ground preparation continues simultaneously with flying training.

In the next phases of flying training the main focus is on daytime and night instrument and en-route flights, and on instrument flights in complicated weather conditions. The students learn to navigate and land in the conditions of limited visibility. Training flights are made to various aerodromes, including the other countries such as Finland, Sweden, etc. Simulator training is used to learn multi-crew cooperation the competence of which will in the future offer an advantage in finding a job in present day commercial aviation.

After successfully passing the theoretical knowledge examinations and rating flights the pilot-trainees receive the Commercial Pilot Licence/Instrument Rating (CPL(A)/IR).

The graduates in the speciality of Aeroplane Piloting can find work in aviation companies both in Estonia and abroad, e.g. in Estonian Air Force, the Police and Border Guard Aviation Group, Estonian Air, the Estonian Civil Aviation Administration and in other companies.

Helicopter Piloting


The standard period of study is four years. The training is based on the programme developed pursuant to JAR-FCL 2. Piloting training comprises theoretical studies and practical flying training. During the last two years the theoretical studies are carried out simultaneously with the flying practice. The new contemporary helicopter Robinson R22 is used for flying training. This is one of the most common of small type of helicopters but is distinguished due to its best dynamics and high reliability.

Flying practice includes familiarisation flights with Cessna 172 and multi-crew cooperation training on the computer-based simulator FNTP II/MCC. The training of helicopter pilots follows the respective international requirements and is based on modern teaching methods.

The piloting techniques of a helicopter differ from that of an aeroplane, especially in respect to take-off and landing. Piloting a helicopter just like an aeroplane requires good coordination and quick reaction. But there are differences in flight characteristics, operating techniques and flying characteristics. Helicopters do not need aerodromes, a small plot of land or a square is enough for taking off or landing. Helicopter’s ability to hover in the air or fly backwards and laterally and a lot of other characteristic features make it an irreplaceable and flexible aircraft with a wide range of application opportunities. A good helicopter pilot has to be able to make quick decisions and have a high analysing ability. When operating an aircraft the pilot has to simultaneously perform several operations. Possible dangerous situations have to be foreseen as there is too little time to correct any mistakes. The training programme has taken all the before mentioned into account: the pilot-trainee is given a thorough variegated preparation to ensure they successfully cope with all the tasks of a pilot’s job. After passing the examinations successfully the pilot-to-be receives the commercial pilot’s licence. 

The graduates in the speciality of Helicopter Piloting are employed by Estonian Air Force, the Police and Border Guard Aviation Group, Estonian Aviation Academy and by private companies.                  

Since September 1, 2013 Academy's piloting training is guided by COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1178/2011, Annex I, (PART_FCL).    

  • Estonian Aviation Academy offers professional higher education. The  four-year programme of studies are carried out only in Estonian. For admission the applicant's Estonian language skill level needs to be at least B2 by The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). 
  • Foreign students can take part in the Erasmus + programme. If You want to attend the Estonian Aviation Academy study exchange programme, read more about your options here.